Floods, storms, landslides, earthquakes, and many other types of natural disasters can leave an affected area without the ability to evacuate or to receive needed provisions. For example, transportation was severely limited on the Mississippi Gulf Coast after Hurricane Katrina due to the destruction of major highways and bridges. Several communities became “islands” due to the destruction of these bridges. Because people could not leave or receive needed materials and goods, a different approach was applied to re-building the highways and bridges there.
Design/Build was the process used, and this provided for the quick rebuilding of three major bridges. This process contrasts with Design/Bid/Build and combines the design, permit, and construction into one overlapping process. Design/Build involves hiring the same designer/contractor to oversee a project’s design, bid, and construction. This process was so successful in Mississippi that the first bridge built, the St. Louis Bay Bridge, won an America Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials Transportation Award in 2007. Might this same process be applied to disaster recovery when re-establishing communication, business and industry, housing, and human services?
To prepare for this assignment:
Review Chapter 9 in your course text, Crisis Management in the New Strategy Landscape, and think about challenges to organizational learning in crisis management and how you might address them.
Review the article, “What is Design-Build?,” and focus on the strategies involved in the design-build model and the challenges that might be presented by it.
Think about the importance of keeping cultural and social justice considerations in mind when developing a design-build model.
Use the natural disaster you chose for Week 8 or choose a different one, other than Hurricane Katrina, and research the demographics for the area where the disaster occurred. Think about the various cultures involved and challenges there might be regarding languages or traditions.
Review the article, “Design-Build Effectiveness Study,” and think about how the concept of design-build can be applied to the natural disaster you chose.
Review Table 9-2 in your course text, Crisis Management in the New Strategy Landscape, and think about the new learning areas related to the natural disaster you chose.
Keep the natural disaster you chose in mind as you review the article, “The Dirty Dozen: Twelve Failures of the Hurricane Katrina Response and How Psychology Can Help.” Think about ways to avoid the failures presented in the article.
Review the discussions related to grief and loss in Chapter 12 of your course text, Crisis Intervention Strategies, and think about how they might impact the survivors of the natural disaster you chose.
Review the article, “Social Justice Advocacy: Community Collaboration and Systems,” and think about related issues as they apply to the natural disaster you chose.
Review the PBS video, “The Journal: Katrina Recovery Gone Wrong,” and think about how programs like the STEPS program might effect design/build strategies.
Consider ways to incorporate cultural and social justice consideration solution strategies into your design/build plan.
The assignment: (4 page paper APA Format)
Briefly describe the natural disaster you chose. Be sure to include a brief description of the demographics of the area and references for information used.
Describe ways you would address multicultural and social justice issues related to rebuilding and recovery.
Describe and justify “design/build” strategies for the natural disaster you chose.
Chapter 9Crisis Management in the New Strategy Landscape
Chapter 12Course Text: James, R. K. & Gilliland, B.E. (2017). Crisis intervention strategies (8th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
PBS. (Producer). (2009). The journal: Katrina recovery gone wrong? [Television series episode]. Retrieved from http://video.pbs.org/video/1225102084/
Article: Design-Build Institute of America. (2010). What is design-build? Retrieved from http://www.dbia.org/about/Pages/default.aspx
Article: U.S. Department of Transportation. (2006). Design-build effectiveness study. Retrieved from http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/reports/designbuild/designbuild2.htm